SIFRA

SIFRA
pro quo perperam plerique Cisra scribunt, vox est ab Indis accepta, si Georg. Vallae credimus: Vossius vero ab Arabibus eam sive Saracenis, qui in Hispania vixêre, potiori derivat iure. Sane et Hebraeis Sephar, est numerus, numer atio: a saphar, i. e. numerare: imo et ab eodem verbo numerus dicitur Misphar. Ita autem Barbaras numeri notas appellamus, cum Graeci Romanique, pro numeri figuris, literis usi sint. Originem earum Conr. Dasypodius Institut. Mathem. l. 1. e. figuris Graecanicarum literarum corruptis arcessit, arbitraturque id non fore obscurum, si quis has ambarum figuras intueatur:
β. γ. δ. ε. ςτ. ζ. η. θ.
2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.
Sed verisimilius est, Europaeos coeteros accepisse ab Hispanis; eos a Mauris; illos ab Arabibus; hos a Persis, vel Indis: et certiora afferri possent, si constaret, ecqua Orientis natio utatur literis, vel numerorum notis, quae cum Sifris vulgatis conveniant. Porro non nisi anni sunt circiter 400. quod eas accepimus, unde certum ducitur argumentum, nummos aliaque huius generis, in quibus Sifrae comparent, non maioris esse vetustatis: Et proin Marquardi Freheri grandem illum argenteum nummum, qui effigiem habuit Constantini Imperatoris equitantis, antiquum esse negat Ios. Scaliegr, cum in eo compareant notae hae Arithmeticae 234. Cuiusmodi characteres non est reperire in libris Graecis Astrologicis et Logisticis vel computis Ecclesiasticis, multo ante captam Constantinopolim. Sed et immutationem aliquam etiam in hisce Sifris contigisse, constat ex lapidipus et libris, in quibus, ante 200. annos, exaratum videmus; Λ. pro 7. etc. Voss. de Scient. Mathemat. c. 1. §. 5. Vide quoque supra, voce Numen.

Hofmann J. Lexicon universale. 1698.

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  • Sifra — (Aramaic: סִפְרָא) is the Halakic midrash to Leviticus. It is frequently quoted in the Talmud, and the study of it followed that of the Mishnah, as appears from Tanḥuma, quoted in Or Zarua , i. 7b. Like Leviticus itself, the midrash is… …   Wikipedia

  • SIFRA — (Aram. סִפְרָא), is a midrash halakhah from the school of R. Akiva on the Book of Leviticus. The Aramaic word sifra means book or The Book. This name was commonly used in Babylonia, and most likely attests to the centrality and importance of this …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Sifra — (en araméen : סִפְרָא) est le Midrash halakha du Lévitique. Il est fréquemment cité dans le Talmud, et son étude suivait celle de la Mishna, ainsi qu il apparaît dans Tanhuma, cité dans Or Zaroua, i. 7b. De même que le Livre du Lévitique lui …   Wikipédia en Français

  • šifra — šȉfra ž <G mn šȉfārā/ ī> DEFINICIJA 1. sustav znakova u kojem slova, riječi ili brojke imaju dogovoreno promijenjeno značenje i čitaju se samo pomoću utvrđenog ključa [imati šifru; biti pod šifrom]; znakovnik 2. oznaka koja se stavlja… …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Sifra — Midrasch (hebr. מדרשׁ, pl. Midraschim) ist die Auslegung religiöser Texte im rabbinischen Judentum. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Wortbedeutung 2 Geschichte 3 Form 3.1 Halachische Midraschim 3.2 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • šífra — e ž (ȋ) dogovorjen znak iz ene ali več črk, številk, besed a) za ohranitev tajnosti sporočila: uporabljati šifre; napisati, predati poročilo v šifrah / knjiga s šiframi za sporazumevanje b) za ohranitev tajnosti avtorstva: svoje članke vedno… …   Slovar slovenskega knjižnega jezika

  • sıfra — sofra, tepsi …   Beypazari ağzindan sözcükler

  • Torat Cohanim — Sifra Littérature rabbinique Littérature de Hazal Mishna • Tossefta Guemara • Talmud Talmud de Jérusalem Talmud de Babylone Traités mineurs Baraïta Midrash Halakha Baraïta de Rabbi Ishmaël Mekhilta deRabbi Ishm …   Wikipédia en Français

  • šifravimas — šifrãvimas sm. (1) DŽ → šifruoti …   Dictionary of the Lithuanian Language

  • MIDRESHEI HALAKHAH — (Heb. מִדְךְשׁי הֲלָכָה; Halakhic Midrashim ), the appellation given to a group of tannaitic expositions on four books of the Pentateuch. This body of tannaitic literature will be discussed below under the following headings: (1) Characteristics… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

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